Lost City of Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu is the lost city of the Inca Empire from the 15th century, situated on the top of a mountain ridge, nearly 8,000 ft above sea level. Machu Picchu is located in the Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu District in Peru, above the Sacred Valley, that’s 80 kilometres (50 miles) northwest of Cuzco which the Urubamba River flows through.
Machu Picchu was constructed for an unknown reason around the year 1450 at the height of the Inca Empire, but was abandoned less than a century later with the empire collapsing under Spanish conquest.
The Lost City of Machu Picchu is one of the most famous lost cities in the world and was re-discovered in 1911 by a Hawaiian historian after it lay hidden for centuries. The pre-Columbian Incan city, Machu Picchu, is otherwise known as the lost city of the Incas. It was designated as a world heritage site in 1983 when it was described as “an absolute masterpiece of architecture” and a unique testimony to the Inca civilization.
The Lost City of Macchu Picchu is watered by natural springs, invisible from below, and completely self-contained. Over the centuries, the jungle spread across the city, claiming it as its own.
Many have speculated as to what the reason for building the city was and what it was used for, as well as why the Incas chose to build it in such a remote, hidden, and somewhat strange location. Some theorize it is a holy temple while others claim it was a prison, hidden high in the mountains. The leading theory is that it was built to be a secluded royal retreat for the Inca emperor, Pachacuti.
There have been numerous documentaries, travel shows and books showcasing this magnificent site, one of which is the hit TV show An Idiot Abroad: Season 1, where Ricky Gervais and Steve Merchant send their “friend”, Karl Pilkington, to explore the seven wonders of the world. In the 6th episode of the show, he visits Machu Picchu.